The Mumbai Suburban Railway, which offers people daily access to quick and cheap transportation, serves as the city's lifeblood. It is the first residential train network in the nation. Common names for it include local trains and locals.
Mumbai's roadways frequently need to be repaired due to the city's constrained space and ever-growing population, which makes traveling inconvenient and time-consuming. But for passengers, the Mumbai Suburban Railway system has changed everything. It is a commuter transportation system that connects the outskirts of the city to its core, providing a lifeblood for the Mumbai population. It services the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
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With regards to Mumbai Suburban Railway
The Mumbai Suburban Railway connects the Mumbai Metropolitan Region to distant neighborhoods through a network of inner suburban railway routes and commuter train services. The network, which covers 390 km, runs 2,342 trains per day, transporting thousands of passengers each day. Two main managers, Central Railway and Western Railway, oversee the infrastructure.
With an average daily traffic of over 7.5 million passengers or roughly 40% of daily travelers on Indian Railways—this suburban train system is the busiest in the world. It is one of the busiest commuter train networks in the world in terms of yearly users.
Trains operate from 4:00 AM to 1:00 AM, with some routes continuing to run until 02:30 or 03:00 AM. The first suburban train system created in India is the Mumbai Suburban Railway.
Mumbai Suburban Railway Key Details
• Owner: Indian Railways
• Transit type: Suburban Rail
• Operators: Central and Western Railway
• Number of lines: 7
• Number of stations: 150
• Average speed: 30 km/h
• Top speed: 110 km/h
Mumbai Suburban Railway Map
The complete Mumbai Metropolitan Region is serviced by the Mumbai Suburban Railway network. Western, Central, and Harbour are the three major routes that make up the network.
• From Churchgate in South Mumbai to Dahanu Road in the north, the Western Line travels.
• The Central Line connects Kalyan and Khopoli in the east with Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) in South Mumbai.
• The Harbour Line travels southeast from CST to Panvel.
In addition to these, there are three auxiliary lines and one more on the way between Panvel and Karjat.
Operators of Mumbai's suburban railroads
The Mumbai Suburban Railway system is cooperatively run by Central Railways (CR) and Western Railways (WR). While interior suburban routes run on designated parallel lines, long-distance and freight trains use the fast commuter rail lanes.
Western Railways (WR) manages
• Western Line
Central Railway (CR) is responsible for
• Central Line
• Harbour Line
• Trans-Harbour Line
• Vasai–Roha Line
• Nerul–Uran Line or Port Line
• Panvel–Karjat line
Mumbai Suburban Lines
Learn more about these different lines under the Mumbai Suburban Railway.
The Western Line runs parallel to Mumbai's west coast, following the Western Railway's northward routes from Churchgate. Electric multiple units (EMUs) provide local services and MEMUs operate on these lines. The Western Railway's EMU fleet runs entirely on alternating current. Rolling stock comprises a fleet of new Bombardier EMUs that work on both AC and alternating current. EMUs are formed in either 12 or 15-car formations and are categorised as slow or fast locals.
Fast locals halt at Mumbai Central, Dadar, Bandra, Andheri, Borivali, Bhayander, Vasai Road, and Virar stations, rendering them better over greater distances. Slow locals stop at every station.
Three major corridors that separate as they encircle suburban cities build up the Mumbai Central Line. In order to get from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) to Kalyan, the Central Railway runs two routes. The Line splits into two directions at Kalyan, with one going northeast to Kasara and the other going southeast to Khopoli. For outstation and freight trains, a 36 km-long corridor runs between Kurla and Kalyan terminals.
There are two junction stops on the Central Line. Parel and Dadar are on the Harbour route, while Sandhurst Road and Kurla are on the Central route. New EMUs from Siemens and Bombardier that run on alternating current and direct current make up the moving stock.
Both quick and sluggish residents have various halting patterns. Trains beyond Kalyan operate as slow trains, halting at all stops.
The Central Railway's Harbour Line links Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminal with Goregaon and Panvel. (CSMT). All of the Harbour Line's services at CSMT are slow, and it operates from two separate stations. After passing the mainline at Sandhurst Road, the lines proceed in the direction of the stations along the Eastern Dock area of Mumbai. A branch route from Wadala Road joins the Western route in Mahim and carries on toward Goregaon. The Line extends all the way to Borivali.
The Harbour Line joins the mainline at a stop known as an interchange at Kurla, where it performs a U-turn in the direction of Navi Mumbai. At Vashi, the Harbour Line splits into two lines, one of which goes on to Panvel and the other of which links to the main lines at Thane.
Thane and Navi Mumbai are connected by the Central Railway's Trans-Harbour Line. At Thane, it operates on two tracks before merging with the Harbour line at Nerul to continue traveling to Panvel. In addition, a short spur line from Turbhe runs adjacent to the Harbour line to Vashi. The Trans-Harbour Line offers only all-stop services.
Vasai Road–Roha Line
The Western, Central, and Harbour lines of the Western Railway and Central Railway zones are connected by the Mumbai Suburban Railway train route known as the Vasai Road-Roha line. It connects to Panvel and the Konkan Railway and runs from Vasai Road to Roha. Freight, express, and MEMU passenger trains are all avoided using the Line.
Nerul–Uran or Port Line
The Central Railway's Port Line, also known as the Nerul-Uran Line, connects Navi Mumbai and Uran. It provides direct access to JNPT in Navi Mumbai from two different platforms in Nerul and one separate platform in CBD Belapur.
The Panvel-Karjat suburban route is presently being built, and according to representatives of the Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation (MRVC), it will be finished by March 2025. Flyovers and bridges are presently being built along the Panvel and Karjat suburban routes. Once finished, this corridor should allow workers to journey from CST to Panvel in just one hour and 45 minutes, saving them 30 minutes of time.
The Panvel-Karjat suburban train line will be doubled as part of the Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) 3, which is currently under construction. Currently, long-distance passenger and freight trains mainly use the sole track in this stretch.
As part of the project, a new track will be added, and new station structures will be built at Mohope, Chowk, Karjat, Chikhale, and Panvel stations, to turn this stretch into a suburban route.
Mumbai Suburban Railway Latest News
Mumbai's local railroad network will soon have more access thanks to the opening of several new railway stops. The final new stop, Dighe on the Thane-Vashi corridor, is one of the five on the Uran Line Extension. Gavhanpada, Ranjanpada, Nhava-Sheva, Dronagiri, and Uran are the five stations on the Uran route that are virtually finished with construction. The elevated passageway that connects the Navi Mumbai trans-harbour Line to the main Line includes Dighe.
With the addition of these six stops, the Central Railway (CR) will now have 86 stations in total as opposed to its existing 80. The Western Railway already operates 37 local train stops in Mumbai, bringing the total number of local train stations serving the metropolis to 123.
Summing Up Mumbai Suburban Railway
For millions of city workers, the Mumbai Suburban Railway system is an integral component of everyday living. Those who depend on it for transit are saved by its vast network and low prices. The most recent changes, like the inclusion of six new stops and the continuing building of new lines, show that the railroad system is constantly changing to accommodate its users. Whether you are a visitor experiencing the city or a local traveling to work, the Mumbai Suburban Railway is a sight to behold.
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